Common Spine Conditions and Their Treatment Options

Back pain can originate from a number of sources, and its associated symptoms can range from mild to debilitating. Depending on the specific injury or condition a patient is suffering from, Dr. Khurana, an orthopedic spine surgeon in Los Angeles, can help provide accurate diagnosis and expert treatment with minimally invasive spine surgery.

Some cases of back pain are the result of everyday strain and will resolve on their own. However, chronic back pain that does not respond to conservative treatment or resolve on its own may be a sign of a potentially serious condition.

Symptoms of Common Spine Injuries and Conditions

Herniated disc

The most common symptoms of a herniated disc include sciatica (leg pain), which may or may not be accompanied by lower back pain numbness, tingling, or weakness in leg, lower back or buttock pain. In rare cases, a serious complication called cauda equina syndrome can result, causing loss of bladder and bowel control.

Scoliosis and Spinal Deformity

Scoliosis causes exaggerated and abnormal curving of the spine. The most common sign of scoliosis is an “s” or “c” shaped spine.

Degenerative Disc Disease

The most common symptoms of degenerative disc disease include fleeting pain during physical activity, chronic back and neck pain ranging from moderate to severe, and pain that worsens while bending, lifting, or twisting


Kyphosis typically causes stiffness and tenderness of the spine, curving of the back (“hunchback”), mild back pain, and fatigue. Rare and severe cases can cause difficulty breathing.

Spine Trauma

Spine trauma symptoms will vary depending on the severity of the injury. Some of the most common symptoms include trouble walking and impaired mobility (arms and legs), numbness and tingling in extremities, pain or stiffness in neck, loss of bladder or bowel control, unconsciousness, headache, shock, and abnormal head/neck alignment.

Spine Tumors

Common symptoms of spine tumors include back pain, muscle fatigue (including spasms, twitching, and atrophy), loss of sensation in the back, and urinary and fecal incontinence

Depending on the patient and severity of his or her condition, many back injuries that once required traditional open surgery can now be treated with minimally invasive procedures. Minimally invasive spine surgery has greatly enhanced the field of orthopedic surgery and has provided surgeons with cutting-edge new tools to treat spine conditions with more precision and accuracy.

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Procedures

XLIF (eXtreme Lateral Interbody Fusion)

During an XLIF procedure, an incision is made in a patient’s side, allowing the surgeon to bypass the muscles and nerves of the lower back.

ALIF (Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion)

ALIF surgery is a form of spinal fusion surgery in which an incision is made in a patient’s abdomen.

Contact an Orthopedic Spine Surgeon in Los Angeles Today

If you are suffering from back pain or injury or would like an expert second opinion, call 310.574.0400 today to schedule an appointment with the Los Angeles Spine Group today.

Next, read about Why Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery May be Right for You.


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The information available on this web site is provided for informational purposes only. This information is not intended to replace a medical consultation where a physician's judgment may advise you about specific disorders, conditions and or treatment options. We hope the information will be useful for you to become more educated about your health care decisions.